Interface ConcurrentHashMap.Spliterator<T>

All Superinterfaces:
Enclosing class:

public static interface ConcurrentHashMap.Spliterator<T>
extends Iterator<T>

A partitionable iterator. A Spliterator can be traversed directly, but can also be partitioned (before traversal) by creating another Spliterator that covers a non-overlapping portion of the elements, and so may be amenable to parallel execution.

This interface exports a subset of expected JDK8 functionality.

Sample usage: Here is one (of the several) ways to compute the sum of the values held in a map using the ForkJoin framework. As illustrated here, Spliterators are well suited to designs in which a task repeatedly splits off half its work into forked subtasks until small enough to process directly, and then joins these subtasks. Variants of this style can also be used in completion-based designs.

 ConcurrentHashMap<String, Long> m = ...
 // split as if have 8 * parallelism, for load balance
 int n = m.size();
 int p = aForkJoinPool.getParallelism() * 8;
 int split = (n < p)? n : p;
 long sum = aForkJoinPool.invoke(new SumValues(m.valueSpliterator(), split, null));
 // ...
 static class SumValues extends RecursiveTask<Long> {
   final Spliterator<Long> s;
   final int split;             // split while > 1
   final SumValues nextJoin;    // records forked subtasks to join
   SumValues(Spliterator<Long> s, int depth, SumValues nextJoin) {
     this.s = s; this.depth = depth; this.nextJoin = nextJoin;
   public Long compute() {
     long sum = 0;
     SumValues subtasks = null; // fork subtasks
     for (int s = split >>> 1; s > 0; s >>>= 1)
       (subtasks = new SumValues(s.split(), s, subtasks)).fork();
     while (s.hasNext())        // directly process remaining elements
       sum +=;
     for (SumValues t = subtasks; t != null; t = t.nextJoin)
       sum += t.join();         // collect subtask results
     return sum;

Method Summary
 ConcurrentHashMap.Spliterator<T> split()
          Returns a Spliterator covering approximately half of the elements, guaranteed not to overlap with those subsequently returned by this Spliterator.
Methods inherited from interface java.util.Iterator
hasNext, next, remove

Method Detail


ConcurrentHashMap.Spliterator<T> split()
Returns a Spliterator covering approximately half of the elements, guaranteed not to overlap with those subsequently returned by this Spliterator. After invoking this method, the current Spliterator will not produce any of the elements of the returned Spliterator, but the two Spliterators together will produce all of the elements that would have been produced by this Spliterator had this method not been called. The exact number of elements produced by the returned Spliterator is not guaranteed, and may be zero (i.e., with hasNext() reporting false) if this Spliterator cannot be further split.

a Spliterator covering approximately half of the elements
IllegalStateException - if this Spliterator has already commenced traversing elements


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